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3 – What do governments do in Australia today?

This chapter provides a snapshot of what governments do in Australia. It outlines the breadth of services provided, together with how governments go about providing them. It also looks at how Australia’s federal system and the current system of Commonwealth-State financial relations operate.

As such, it raises issues Australians must address to increase our Federation’s effectiveness and allocate responsibilities, and funding for them, to the best-equipped level of government.